Info Named "Pearl of the Adriatic", Grottammare is located in the southern area of the Riviera Picena, between the cities of Cupramarittima and San Benedetto del Tronto. Crossed in the middle by the Tesino river and further north by the 46th parallel, it forms almost a single city with San Benedetto: about 10 km of promenade paved with exotic palm trees, partially interrupted, on the border between the two municipalities, by a port among the most important parts of the Adriatic. The city can be reached via the state road SS16 and the A14 motorway (exit "Grottammare"). The SS16 cuts the city in two separating the lower part of Grottammare (4 slm ) and the upper part (126 asl), which dominates the landscape with its old walls immersed in the vegetation. Its economy is based on tourism and related services, and on a decent nursery activity.
History The name of the city derives from "Groctae", with which it was indicated in medieval times, even if the origins of Grottammare are much older. The first settlement dates back to VIII - VII BC. by the Piceni, an ancient people who occupied this area of the Marche, before the colonization by the Romans began (about III century BC). The development of the city began in the 7th century, when a colony of Farfa monks settled here. In 1175, due to a storm, Pope Alexander III was forced to stop in the city and was hosted by the monks. Favorably impressed by the welcome of the citizens and the celebrations that took place in those days, he granted the plenary indulgence, obtainable through the "Jubilee Festival", a festival that takes place every time July 1st occurs on a Sunday. In 1259 the city passed into the hands of Fermo who made it another stronghold to interpose the rivalry and territorial expansion of the city of Ascoli; from here on the fortification of the city begins, which will be completed around 1500. Felice Peretti was born in 1521 and became pope with the name of Sixtus V. In 1779, due to a landslide, the castle suffered damage which will encourage the urbanization of the coastal area and that along the Tesino river. In this period the cultivation of citrus fruits was introduced, by Bishop Bartolomeo Bacher. In 1860 the meeting between the Neapolitan commission of the Bourbon Kingdom and King Vittorio Emanuele II took place in Grottammare. At the turn of this period (1800 and 1900) the city began its transformation into an elegant seaside resort made up of Art Nouveau villas surrounded by gardens that look like small oases, with the old city in the background, which dominates the landscape protected by its medieval walls.
Famous people Pope Sixtus V (1521-1590) Felice Peretti was born on 13 December 1521, from a family of humble origins from Montalto Marche. He entered the convent in 1532 and graduated in theology in Fermo in 1548. In 1557 he enters the Holy Inquisition. In 1566 he became procurator general of the order and in 1570 he became cardinal. In 1585 he became pope with the name of Sixtus V.
Pericle Fazzini (1915-1989) Pericle Fazzini, painter and "sculptor of the wind", as Ungaretti defined him, began his journey in sculpture in his father's carpenter's workshop. In 1986 he gave life to "The Resurrection", a bronze work created for the Audience Hall in the Vatican.
To visit Grottammare Castle The upper part of Grottammare is almost completely enclosed by the walls of the old castle. The village, restored in recent times, was probably built in the 10th century, and subsequently strengthened (in the 12th century) when it became part of the possessions of the city of Fermo. Of the old castle that was located at the top of the hill, only a few sections of walls and the bases of the towers remain, immersed in a luxuriant pine forest. The walls surrounding the ancient village probably dates back to the 13th century. To the north we find the "Tower of the battle" dating back to the fifteenth-sixteenth century. consisting of two floors with an internal wooden staircase. The castle was accessed through three doors: Porta Marina (not far from the "Torrione della Battaglia") to the east, Porta Castello to the north (from which you arrive at the "Oasi dei Monti") and Porta Maggiore to the south (demolished at the beginning of 1900). Entering from the south side of the village we immediately find ourselves in Piazza Peretti, overlooked by the Clock Tower, the Orange Theater on whose facade, inserted in a niche, we can see the statue of Sixtus V, modeled in 1794 by artist Stefano Interlenghi, and the Church of S. Giovanni. On the east side of the square, a "loggia" offers a beautiful view over the city and the coast. Continuing inside the village we find the Church of Santa Lucia built at the request of Pope Sixtus V.
Villa Laureati It was built in the eighteenth century, in neoclassical style, commissioned by the bishop Bartolomeo Bacher and subsequently passed among the properties of the Marquis Laureati. Inside it, after the battle of Castelfidardo, Vittorio Emanuele II received the Delegation of the Bourbon Kingdom in October 1860.
Villa Azzolino On the road that leads to the historic center of G. we find Villa Azzolino, built in the seventeenth century at the request of Cardinal Decio Azzolino, most likely based on a design by Bernini (in neoclassical style). In 1665, according to some historians, Queen Christina of Sweden was hosted there and between 1827 and 1833 King William of Westphalia, Napoleon's younger brother, stayed there several times.
Church of Sant'Agostino Originally consecrated to S. Paterniano, it changed its name after the Augustinian friars moved there in 1451, building the convent there in 1517 and suppressed in the century. XVII. The church, which is located on the road to the historic center, is built with a single nave with a roof supported by wooden beams.
Church of Santa Maria dei Monti The church, built in a place where perhaps there was a Marian sanctuary, is located on the road to Ripatransone not far from the old incasato, and was originally part of a convent ("1600" approximately).
Church of San Martino The church of San Martino is located at the beginning of the Tesino Valley. The church most likely rests its foundations on a pagan temple perhaps dedicated to the cult of the goddess Cupra, a divinity perhaps of Piceno origin. The church was built by some Benedictine monks between the VII-VIII century. Consisting of three naves, internally it is simple and bare, as well as the external facade. The Jubilee Festival is also celebrated in the church of S. Martino.
Church of San Pio V The church, in neoclassical style, is located on the SS 16, in the homonymous square and was built in 1780.
Liberty villas They are largely concentrated on the north seafront of Grottammare and many have recently been restored.