Info Fano, in the province of Pesaro Urbino, is a tourist destination rich in history, art and culture. The city was called Fanum Fortunae by Caesar Augustus in 49 BC. C., from the name of a temple built in honor of the goddess Fortuna, Fano still retains the nickname of "City of Fortune". In addition to a very famous historic center, the city is a seaside area awarded every year with the Green Flag. Its coastline is divided into Lido and Sassonia, both beaches with low coasts, the first sandy and the second pebbly. Fano is also famous for its culinary culture, an example are the Brodetto, a poor fish soup cooked with preserves and vinegar, and the Moretta, an alcoholic drink based on coffee and citrus fruits.
To see During the Roman Empire, Fano was a point of arrival from the Via Flaminia to the Adriatic coast and inside the city traces of this glorious past are still visible: an example is the Arco d ' Augustus, the gateway to the Roman city, commissioned by the emperor in 9 d. C., continues towards the still intact walls. In the basement of the city of Fortuna, on the other hand, we find the remains of the Augusteum, a palace in honor of the homonymous emperor, built in the first century BC. C.. An alternative method to discover Roman Fano is certainly the Via Flaminia museum, housed in the former church of San Michele, where no artifacts are kept, but it is possible to relive history through various tools for augmented reality. From the mid-thirteenth century the architectural complex of San Francesco was built in Fano, which includes the church and monastery dedicated to the saint; the two buildings, currently located in Piazza XX Settembre, have undergone various changes and architectural influences over the years, in fact nothing remains of the original convent. The porch of the Church of San Francesco is also occupied by the Malatesta Tombs, moved from inside the church in the seventeenth century, an authentic masterpiece of late Gothic sculpture, the work of the Venetian sculptor Filippo di Domenico. From the same square it is possible to access the Archaeological Museum and Picture Gallery of the Malatestiano Palace which, since 1898, has housed the civic collections, preserved inside the monumental Malatesta Palace, commissioned by Pandolfo III Malatesta, and built in the first half of the 15th century. Inside we find the Archaeological Section, the Ceramics Section and that of Numismatics, the Sala del Caminetto, the Sala Grande, the two small rooms of the Sala del Lavabo and the so-called Sala Morganti. The museum therefore includes artifacts ranging from prehistoric times to contemporary art. A symbol of Fano is also its historic carnival, which was the first in Italy, in fact according to the archives it dates back to 1347 and still remains one of the most famous traditions of the city of Fano, which, for a whole month, colors and becomes intoxicated with a carefree atmosphere characteristic of this party.
History Unlike the neighboring cities, the year of foundation of Fano is not known, however the presence of a settlement already in the protohistoric age is assumed. The first writing in which Fanum Fortunae appears dates back to 49 BC. C. during the occupation of Caesar. However, Fano reached the peak of the Roman occupation when Augustus donated the surrounding walls to the city, elevating it to the status of a colony. Above all, it was the terrible destruction of the war between the Goths and the Byzantines that completely brought to an end life in Fano, which in the Middle Ages was reborn thanks to its connection with Rome and Ravenna, along what was called the "Byzantine corridor". After being occupied for a short time by the Lombards, Fano was included in the territory of the Franks of Charlemagne ruled by the Papacy. At the end of the thirteenth century the municipality was governed by a mayor, but the infighting did not abate, until the affirmation, in the fourteenth century, of the lordship of the Malatesta, who held the city until 1463. After the end of the Malatesta dynasty in 1463, the local nobility and the population wanted to come under the direct control of the Holy See. The Malatestas left remarkable works in Fano, such as the imposing Rocca, completed in 1452, the Palace and the Court, the two arches placed under the portico of the former church of S. Francesco, one of which houses the tomb of Pandolfo III Malatesta . Moreover, thanks to its port, Fano was one of the major seaport places throughout the 1400s. In the same period one of the most important manifestations of the city was born: the Carnival, of which the presence is attested since 1450.